The Genocide Office to Identify Crimes Against Kurdish People Outside of the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) was established in Duhok, Kurdistan, in September 2014, under the Kurdistan Ministry of Interior. It serves Kurds, Yezidis, Christians and other minorities who suffered at the hands of the Islamic State jihadists (also referred to as IS, ISIS, ISIL, ISHID, or Daesh).
On August 3, 2014, ISIS violently attacked Shengal, killing and kidnapping over 10,000 Yezidis in 48 hours, and sending approximately 400,000 Yezidis fleeing north to the peaceful and protected Kurdistan region. Shengal is a disputed territory between Baghdad and Kurdistan. Most of it has now been freed from ISIS but remains uninhabitable. Peshmerga defense forces from Kurdistan and YPG forces from Rojava, Syria, are defending Shengal.